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José Luis Quintanar y Soto

b. 22 Dec 1772, San Juan del Río, Viceroyalty of New Spain
d. 17 Nov 1837, Mexico City, Mexico

Title: Miembro del Supremo Poder Ejecutivo Provisional (Member of the Provisional Supreme Executive Authority)
Term: 23 Dec 1829 - 1 Jan 1830
Chronology: 23 Dec 1829, executive power is transferred to the Provisional Supreme Executive Authority in accordance with Art. 97 of the Constitution of 1824, resolution of the Consejo de Gobierno (Council of Government), session of the Council of Government [1]
  23 Dec 1829, elected and took an oath of office, session of the Council of Government [1]
  1 Jan 1830, Provisional Supreme Executive Authority ceased to function upon the installation of a successor [2]
Names/titles: Baptised (25 Dec 1772): José Luis; frequently used the following order of names in official documents: Quintanar Soto Bocanegra y Ruiz
Born in the family of a Spaniard military and land owner whose ancestors arrived to New Spain in the early 17th century; joined the army in Querétaro and was promoted to second lieutenant in 1801; progressed in ranks from lieutenant (1803) to lieutenant colonel (1812); was made a judge of military court (1812); took command of the troops in Nueva Galicia (1813), taking part in the war against insurgents during the Mexican War of Independence; promoted to colonel (1814); served as military commander of the district of Pénjamo (1819) and was then transferred to Valladolid; participated in the last action of the royalist army against insurgents in the hills of La Goleta, near Sultepec and Taxco; supported the Plan of Iguala and changed sides, eventually surrendering Valladolid (20 May 1821) to the Army of the Three Guarantees (Ejército Trigarante) under Agustín de Iturbide; was given command of the rearguard section of the Iturbide army (18 Aug 1821) and entered Mexico City on 27 Sep 1821; promoted to field-marshal (12 Oct 1821), a rank later replaced with that of divisional general (24 Oct 1823); elected to the Congreso Constituyente (1822) as a representative of Querétaro; appointed captain general and interim political head of the Province of Mexico (1822); appointed captain general and chief political head of the Province of Nueva Galicia (20 Nov 1822 - 21 Jun 1823); as an acting chief executive, he was proclaimed the first Governor of the State of Jalisco (21 Jun 1823 - 17 Jun 1824) in accordance with the Constitution of 1823; was involved in a conspiracy against the central government and was arrested by the troops of Nicolás Bravo in Guadalajara (17 Jun 1824) together with Anastasio Bustamante; imprisoned in Acapulco and barely escaped exile to South America; was amnestied in 1825; led the coup in Mexico City which deposed the administration of Vicente Guerrero, represented by the Interim President of the Mexican United States José María de Bocanegra (23 Dec 1829); appointed as a member of the Supremo Poder Ejecutivo Provisional (23 Dec 1829 - 1 Jan 1830), pending the arrival of Vice President of the Mexican United States Bustamante to the capital; president of the Supreme Tribunal of War and Marine (1832-1834); served as a member of the Supreme Court Martial (1837).
Biographical sources: birth and baptismal record in Archivo de la Parroquia de San Juan del Ríos, Querétaro, Bautismos de españoles 1754-1800, fol. 109; death and burial record in Distrito Federal, Asunción Sagrario Metropolitano (Centro), Defunciones 1833-1837, fol. 158.

[1] Colección de las leyes 1829-1830, p. 85.
[2] The term of the Provisional Supreme Executive Authority is deemed to have expired on the day when Vice President of the Mexican United States Anastasio Bustamante issued a manifesto (dated 1 Jan 1830, Mexico City), proclaiming the assumption of executive authority (El Sol, No. 186, 2 Jan 1830, p. 741).
  Image: Cruces y Campa Collection, Latin American Library, Tulane University.