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Elizabeth II (UK)

Elizabeth II

b. 21 Apr 1926, London [1]
d. 8 Sep 2022, Balmoral Castle, Aberdeenshire, Scotland [2]

Title: By the Grace of God of Great Britain, Ireland and the British Dominions beyond the Seas Queen, Defender of the Faith (Dei Gratia Magnae Britanniae, Hiberniae et terrarum transmarinarum quae in ditione sunt Britannica Regina, Fidei Defensor) [6 Feb 1952 - 29 May 1953]
By the Grace of God of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith (Dei Gratia Britanniarum Regnorumque Suorum Ceterorum Regina, Consortionis Populorum Princeps, Fidei Defensor) [29 May 1953 - 8 Sep 2022]
Term: 6 Feb 1952 - 8 Sep 2022
Chronology: 6 Feb 1952, succeeded to the throne (Supplement to The London Gazette Extraordinary of Wednesday, 6 Feb 1952, No. 39458, 7 Feb 1952, p. 757)
29 May 1953, style and titles are changed according to a royal proclamation of 28 May 1953 (Eleventh Supplement to The London Gazette of Tuesday, 26 May 1953, No. 39873, 29 May 1953, p. 3023)
2 Jun 1953, crowned, Westminster Abbey (The Times, Royal Edition, No. 52,638, 3 Jun 1953, pp. 13-15)
  8 Sep 2022, died
Names/titles: Private name: Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor [to 20 Nov 1947]; Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Mountbatten [20 Nov 1947 - 9 Apr 1952]; Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor [from 9 Apr 1952]

Elizabeth is the elder daughter of Albert Duke of York, who succeeded to the British throne as George VI in 1936. On 20 Nov 1947 she married Philip Mountbatten (formerly Philippos Prince of Greece and Denmark; created Duke of Edinburgh, Earl of Merioneth, Baron Greenwich and granted the qualification of Royal Highness, 19 Nov 1947). In January 1952, Princess Elizabeth and her husband set out for a tour of Australia and New Zealand, but en route, at Sagana, Kenya, news reached them of the king's death. Her accession was proclaimed by the Privy Council on 6 Feb 1952. The new queen returned to London arriving on 7 Feb 1952. Following the Commonwealth Conference in December 1952, it was announced that each of the Commonwealth governments would ask their parliaments for changes in the royal title, as inherited by Elizabeth from her father, and that apart from naming Elizabeth II as Head of the Commonwealth all the titles would be different, both from the former uniform title and from each other.

[1] The London Gazette, Extra, No. 33153, 21 Apr 1926, p. 2773.
[2] Supplement No. 1 to The London Gazette Extraordinary of Friday, 9 Sep 2022, No. 63812, 12 Sep 2022, pp. A1-A4; The Times, No. 73884, 9 Sep 2022, p. 1.
Image: photograph of Queen Elizabeth II by Karsh Camera Press/Globe Photos, 1985.