South African Republic: Polity Style: 1853-1902

9 Apr 1844 representatives of the Boer immigrants meet at Potchefstroom and draw up a code of laws for the local community ("the Thirty-Three Articles")
1 Aug 1845 self-governing community of Ohrigstad is organised upon the commencing of regular sessions of the local legislature (continues to hold meetings to 3 Apr 1849)
23 May 1849 representatives from Ohrigstad and other parts of the Transvaal meet at Derdepoort, organising themselves as a permanent legislative and executive authority (Volksraad) for the community "on this side of the Vaal" ("aan deze zyde de Vaal Revier") (Notule van die Volksraad, 1:99)
21 Sep 1853 name of the state is approved in accordance with a resolution of the Volksraad of 21 Sep 1853, session of the Volksraad, Lydenburg (Notule van die Volksraad, 2:153, Art. 29)
21 Sep 1853 - 1 Dec 1853 Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek | South African Republic [1]
1 Dec 1853 name of the state is changed in accordance with a resolution of the Volksraad of 1 Dec 1853, session of the Volksraad, Potchefstroom (Notule van die Volksraad, 2:190, Art. 115)
1 Dec 1853 - 27 May 1856 Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek Benoorden de Vaalrivier | South African Republic, North of the Vaal River
27 May 1856 name of the state is changed in accordance with a resolution of the Commissie Raad, session of the Commissie Raad, Potchefstroom (Notule van die Volksraad, 3:135, Art. 10)
27 May 1856 - 12 Apr 1877 Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek | South African Republic
5 Jan 1857 name of the state is confirmed in the Constitution of 1857 approved by a resolution of the Volksraad of 5 Jan 1857, session of the the Volksraad, Potchefstroom (Notule van die Volksraad, 3:145, Art. 1)
12 Apr 1877 South African Republic is declared a British territory in accordance with a proclamation of Her Majesty's Special Commissioner for certain Purposes in South Africa (Transvaal Government Gazette, 12 Apr 1877, Extra, pp. 1-3)
16 Dec 1880 re-establishment of the government of the South African Republic is declared in accordance with a proclamation signed on 16 Dec 1880 in Paardenkraal, public ceremony, Heidelberg (Staatscourant, No. 1, 12 Jan 1881, p. 2; De Staats Courant gedurende den vrijheidsoorlog van 1881, pp. ix-xiii) [2]
16 Dec 1880 - 31 May 1902 Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek | South African Republic
8 Aug 1881 Transvaal Territory is granted self-government, subject to the suzerainty of the British Crown, under the name of the Transvaal State in accordance with the Convention of Pretoria (signed on 3 Aug 1881; effective upon the ratification by the Volksraad of the South African Republic on 8 Aug 1881) [3]
8 Aug 1884 suzerainty of the British Crown over the Transvaal State is tacitly withdrawn in accordance with the London Convention (signed on 27 Feb 1884; effective upon the ratification by the Volksraad of the South African Republic on 8 Aug 1884) superseding the Pretoria Convention of 1881
5 Jun 1900 polity disintegrated de facto upon the occupation of the seat of government, Pretoria, by the armed forces of the United Kingdom [4]
1 Sep 1900 South African Republic is declared part of the dominions of the British Crown in accordance with a proclamation of the Commander-in-Chief of the British Forces in South Africa (Transvaal Government Gazette, No. 15, 5 Sep 1900, p. 294)
31 May 1902 sovereignty of the British Crown over the South African Republic and Orange Free State is recognized in accordance with a peace treaty signed by the representatives of the governments of the South African Republic and Orange Free State, and by the representatives of the United Kingdom at Pretoria (Treaty of Vereeniging)

[1] There was no official name adopted by the Boer authorities for their polity before 21 Sep 1853.
[2] In opposition to the authorities of the Transvaal Territory (to 8 Aug 1881).
[3] Upon the enactment of the Pretoria Convention, the state authority was transferred (8 Aug 1881) to the government which had existed in the South African Republic since 13 Dec 1880; this government formally acting under the "suzerainty of Her Majesty" over the Transvaal State refused to use this name which appeared only in the British official documents.
[4] After the fall pf Pretoria, the government of the South African Republic retained control over parts of its former territory and was a party to the peace treaty of 31 May 1902.
Last updated on: 17 Nov 2021 15:31:14