South African Republic: Heads of State: 1857-1877

President van den Uitvoerenden Raad der Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek | President of the Executive Council of the South African Republic [1]
6 Jan 1857 - 15 Sep 1860 Marthinus Wessel Pretorius (x) [2]
Fungerend President van den Uitvoerenden Raad der Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek | Acting President of the Executive Council of the South African Republic
15 Sep 1860 - 6 Dec 1860 Johannes Hermanus Grobler (Grobbelaar) (x)
6 Dec 1860 - 17 Apr 1862 Stephanus Schoeman (x) [3]
18 Apr 1862 - 23 Oct 1863 Willem Cornelis Janse van Renseburg
President van den Uitvoerenden Raad der Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek | President of the Executive Council of the South African Republic [1]
23 Oct 1863 - 10 May 1864 Willem Cornelis Janse van Renseburg (x)
10 May 1864 - 22 Oct 1866 Marthinus Wessel Pretorius (x)
Staatspresident der Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek | State President of the South African Republic
22 Oct 1866 - 20 Nov 1871 Marthinus Wessel Pretorius (x)
20 Nov 1871 - 21 Nov 1871 office vacant [4]
Waarnemend Staatspresident der Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek | Acting State President of the South African Republic
21 Nov 1871 - 28 Nov 1871 Daniël Jacobus Erasmus van Straten
Fungerend Staatspresident der Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek | Acting State President of the South African Republic [5]
28 Nov 1871 - 1 Jul 1872 Daniël Jacobus Erasmus van Straten (x)
Staatspresident der Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek | State President of the South African Republic
1 Jul 1872 - 12 Apr 1877 Thomas François Burgers

[1] The President of the Executive Council (President van den Uitvoerenden Raad) was the highest state office according to the Constitutions of 1857 and 1858. It was used inconsistently in official documents and is found normally reduced to President or substituted with President van de Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek or Staatspresident (Staats President) in the period between 6 Jan 1857 - 15 Sep 1860 and 23 Oct 1863 - 22 Oct 1866; a Constitutional amendment passed by the Volksraad 22 Oct 1866 officially changed the style to Staatspresident der Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek [Notule van die Volksraad, 6:55, Art. 484].
[2] Pretorius was elected as the State President by the Volksraad (15 Nov 1855) [Notule van die Volksraad, 3:112, Art. 47], but never took office, continuing as Commandant-Generaal (of Potchefstroom-Rustenburg); elected as the President of the Executive Council on 16 Dec 1856 and took oath of office 6 Jan 1857 [Notule van die Volksraad, 3:145, Art. 2].
[3] Continued in dissidence to 19 Jan 1863.
[4] The resignation of Pretorius was submitted to the Volksraad, which passed a resolution declaring the office of the State President vacant (20 Nov 1871), and the next day elected Erasmus as the Acting State President. Erasmus was sworn in on 21 Nov 1871.
[5] The word "Waarnemend" in the style of acting State President is replaced with "Fungerend" in accordance with a resolution of the Volksraad of 28 Nov 1871 (Art. 378).
Last updated on: 04 Dec 2021 13:28:06