HomeNationsSouth AfricaGovernors-GeneralArthur of Connaught, Prince
Arthur of Connaught, Prince

Arthur Frederick Patrick Albert

b. 13 Jan 1883, Windsor, England, U.K.
d. 12 Sep 1938, London, England, U.K.

Title: Governor-General and Commander-in-Chief in and over the Union of South Africa :: Goeverneur-generaal en Opperbevelhebber in en over de Unie van Zuid-Afrika
Term: 20 Nov 1920 - 21 Jan 1924
Chronology: 5 Aug 1920, appointed by Commission under the Royal Sign Manual and Signet [1]
  20 Nov 1920, took an oath of allegiance and an oath of office as Governor-General and Commander-in-Chief of the Union of South Africa, Union Buildings, Pretoria [2]
  21 Jan 1924, appointment superseded by the Commission of a successor effective on taking the prescribed oaths (21 Jan 1924) [3][4]
Names/titles: Baptised: Arthur Frederick Patrick Albert (16 Feb 1883); nobility title (by birth): Prince Arthur Arthur Frederick Patrick Albert of Connaught; family and dynastic name Windsor established by the Royal Proclamation of 17 Jul 1917
The only son and second child of Prince Arthur William Patrick Albert, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn (the third son of Queen Victoria); was the first royal prince to be educated at Eton; attended the Royal Military College at Sandhurst; commissioned second lieutenant in the 7th Hussars (1901), in time to serve in South Africa; spent several months stationed at Krugersdorp; promoted to lieutenant (1903), captain (1907); introduced as a member of the UK Privy Council (11 Jun 1910); appointed (10 Nov 1911) a Counsellor of State, performing royal functions during periods of the King's absence abroad; brevetted to major (1913); substantive promotion to major followed in 1915; during World War I, he served as aide-de-camp to Generals Sir John French and Sir Douglas Haig, the successive commanders of the British Expeditionary Force in France and Belgium; brevetted lieutenant-colonel (1919); became the honorary Colonel-in-Chief of the 2nd Dragoons (Royal Scots Greys) in 1920; became a colonel in the reserves in 1922; promoted to the honorary rank of major general (1922) and became an aide-de-camp to his first cousin, King George V; during the period 1906-1918 he represented the British kings on various occasions in Portugal, Russia, Bavaria, Italy and Japan; after receiving the appointments as Governor-General and Commander-in-Chief of the Union of South Africa and High Commissioner for South Africa, he landed in Cape Town 17 Nov 1920, taking office in Pretoria 20 Nov 1920; visited all parts of South Africa, Rhodesia, the High Commission territories and South-West Africa; rejected a Natal ordinance of 1921 depriving Indians of the municipal franchise; other important events of his administration included the Rand Rebellion (1922) and the Southern Rhodesian rejection of incorporation within the Union of South Africa; sailed for Europe from Durban 10 Dec 1923; upon returning to Great Britain, he became involved in a number of charitable organizations, including serving as chairman of the board of directors of Middlesex Hospital.
Biographical sources: "Dictionary of South African Biography", ed. by W.J. de Kock, D.W. Krüger (et al.) (Pretoria: Nasional Boekhandel Bpk. for National Council for Social Research, Dept. of Higher Education, 1968-1987), 5 vols; The Times, No. 48,097, Royal Edition, 12 Sep 1938, pp. 12, 14 (obituary).

[1] Government Gazette, No. 1106, Extra, 23 Nov 1920, pp. (425)-426.
[2] Government Gazette, No. 1106, Extra, 23 Nov 1920, p. (425).
[3] Government Gazette, No. 1363, Extra, 23 Jan 1924, p. ii.
[4] After Prince Arthur of Connaught permanently left South Africa, his functions were taken over by Sir James Rose-Innes as Officer Administering the Government of the Union of South Africa :: Ambtenaar belast met de Regering van de Unie van Zuid-Afrika (11 Dec 1923 - 21 Jan 1924) who continued in office until the installation of Earl of Athlone.