Moldova: Polity Style: 1917-2023

2/15 Dec 1917 Bessarabia is proclaimed Moldavian People's (Democratic) Republic in accordance with a declaration passed by the National Diet (Sfatul Țării Minutes, pp. 179-184) [1]
2/15 Dec 1917 - 27 Mar/9 Apr 1918 Republica Democratică Moldovenească / Moldavskaja Narodnaja Respublika (Молдавская Народная Республика) [2]
24 Jan/6 Feb 1918 declaration of independence is passed by the National Diet (Sfatul Țării Minutes, pp. 342-344)
27 Mar/9 Apr 1918 act of unification with Romania as autonomy is passed by the National Diet (Sfatul Țării Minutes, pp. 553-562)
27 Mar/9 Apr 1918 - 27 Nov/10 Dec 1918 Basarabia
10/23 Apr 1918 royal decree on unification of 9/22 Apr 1918 is promulgated in Romania
27 Nov/10 Dec 1918 autonomy rescinded by an act passed by the National Diet (Sfatul Țării Minutes, p. 738)
1 Jan 1920 parliamentary act of unification is promulgated in Romania (passed by the chambers 29 Dec 1919, signed by the king 31 Dec 1919)
28 Jun 1940 occupied by the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
2 Aug 1940 constituent republic of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
2 Aug 1940 - 16 Jul 1941 Republica Sovietică Socialistă Moldovenească (Република Советикэ Сочиалистэ Молдовеняскэ) = Moldavskaja Sovetskaja Socialističeskaja Respublika (Молдавская Советская Социалистическая Республика)
16 Jul 1941 - 24 Aug 1944 part of Romania [3]
24 Aug 1944 - 1 Sep 1989 Republica Sovietică Socialistă Moldovenească (Република Советикэ Сочиалистэ Молдовеняскэ) = Moldavskaja Sovetskaja Socialističeskaja Respublika (Молдавская Советская Социалистическая Республика)
1 Sep 1989 Latin script for Romanian/Moldovan is approved in accordance with the Law No. 3462-XI (passed 31 Aug 1989, effective upon promulgation 1 Sep 1989)
1 Sep 1989 Romanian/Moldovan is given the status of the state language in accordance with the Law No. 3465-XI (passed 1 Sep 1989, effective upon promulgation 1 Sep 1989)
1 Sep 1989 - 5 Jun 1990 Republica Sovietică Socialistă Moldovenească
5 Jun 1990 name changed in accordance with amendments to the Constitution of 1978 defined in Art. 1 of the Law No. 75-XII which becomes effective upon passing by the Supreme Council (Sovietul Suprem) 5 Jun 1990 (Veștile Sovietului Suprem și ale Guvernului R.S.S. Moldova, 1990, No. 6-7, Art. 126)
5 Jun 1990 - 23 May 1991 Republica Sovietică Socialistă Moldova
23 Jun 1990 declaration of sovereignty (Veștile Sovietului Suprem și ale Guvernului R.S.S. Moldova, 1990, No. 8, Art. 192)
23 May 1991 name changed in accordance with Art. 1 and 2 of the Law No. 589-XII which becomes effective upon promulgation (Monitorul Oficial, No. 7-10, Art. 64)
23 May 1991 - Republica Moldova
27 Aug 1991 declaration of independence (with status of law)

[1] Moldovian People's Republic was proclaimed as part of a "Russian Federative Democratic Republic".
[2] The original declaration was drafted in Russian and referred to the polity as Moldavskaja Narodnaja Respublika (Молдавская Народная Республика) (Sfatul Țării Minutes, pp. 179-180). It was published in Russian in official organ of the National Diet, Sfatul Tsèrij, on 3/16 Dec 1917. The Diet did not issue an official newspaper in Moldovan language until March 1918, but the broadsides bearing the declaration in Moldovan translated the name as Republica Democratică Moldovenească (original spelling: Республика Демократикы Молдовеняскы).
[3] In absence of legal acts related to annexation, the dates of incorporation into Romania correspond to the dates of changing of actual possession of the seat of government, Chișinău (Kishinev).
Last updated on: 11 May 2022 12:25:13