Mauritania: Heads of State: 1958-2022

Arabic is the sole national language since 1959 and one of the official languages since 1968; French had the status of an official language in 1959-1980, continuing only as semi-official since then; Poular, Soninke, and Wolof are also national languages since 1991.
Président du Conseil du Gouvernement | President of the Council of Government
31 Jul 1958 - 23 Jun 1959 Moktar Ould Daddah = al-Mukhtār walad Dāddah (المختار ولد داداه)
Premier Ministre | Prime Minister [1]
23 Jun 1959 - 25 Sep 1961 Moktar Ould Daddah = al-Mukhtār walad Dāddah (المختار ولد داداه) (x)
Président de la République = (from 4 Mar 1968) Raʾīs al-Jumhūriyya (رئيس الجمهورية) | President of the Republic
25 Sep 1961 - 10 Jul 1978 Moktar Ould Daddah = al-Mukhtār walad Dāddah (المختار ولد داداه) (x)
Raʾīs al-Lajna al-ʿAskariyya lil-Inqādh al-Waṭaniyy (رئيس اللجنة العسكرية للإنقاذ الوطني) = Président du Comité Militaire de Redressement National | President of the Military Committee of National Restoration
10 Jul 1978 - 6 Apr 1979 al-Muṣṭafā walad Muḥammad al-Sālik (المصطفى ولد محمد السالك) = Mustapha Ould Mohamed Saleck
Raʾīs al-Lajna al-ʿAskariyya lil-Khalāṣ al-Waṭaniyy, Raʾīs al-Dawla (رئيس اللجنة العسكرية للخلاص الوطني، رئيس الدولة) = (to Dec 1980) Président du Comité Militaire de Salut National, Chef de l'État | President of the Military Committee for National Salvation, Head of State
6 Apr 1979 - 3 Jun 1979 al-Muṣṭafā walad Muḥammad al-Sālik (المصطفى ولد محمد السالك) = Mustapha Ould Mohamed Saleck (x)
3 Jun 1979 - 4 Jan 1980 Muḥammad Maḥmūd walad Aḥmad Lūlī (محمد محمود ولد أحمد لولي‎) = Mohamed Mahmoud Ould Ahmed Louly
4 Jan 1980 - 12 Dec 1984 Muḥammad Khūnā walad Haydallāh (محمد خونا ولد هيداله) = Mohamed Khouna Ould Haidalla
12 Dec 1984 - 18 Apr 1992 Maʿāwiyya walad Sayyid Aḥmad al-Ṭāyaʿ (معاوية ولد سيد أحمد الطايع)
Raʾīs al-Jumhūriyya (رئيس الجمهورية) | President of the Republic
18 Apr 1992 - 3 Aug 2005 Maʿāwiyya walad Sayyid Aḥmad al-Ṭāyaʿ (معاوية ولد سيد أحمد الطايع) (x)
Raʾīs al-Majlis al-ʿAskariyy lil-ʿAdāla wa-l-Dīmuqrāṭiyya, Raʾīs al-Dawla (رئيس المجلس العسكري للعدالة والديمقراطية، رئيس الدولة) | President of the Military Council for Justice and Democracy, Head of State
3 Aug 2005 - 19 Apr 2007 Iʿlī walad Muḥammad Fāl (إعلي ولد محمد فال)
Raʾīs al-Jumhūriyya (رئيس الجمهورية) | President of the Republic
19 Apr 2007 - 6 Aug 2008 Sayyidī Muḥammad walad al-Shaykh ʿAbd Allāh (سيدي محمد ولد الشيخ عبد الله)
Raʾīs al-Majlis al-Aʿlā lil-Dawla wa Raʾīs al-Dawla (رئيس المجلس الاعلى للدولة ورئيس الدولة) | President of the High Council of State and Head of State
6 Aug 2008 - 15 Apr 2009 Muḥammad walad ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz (محمد ولد عبد العزيز)
Raʾīs Majlis al-Shuyūkh, Raʾīs al-Jumhūriyya bi-l-nīyāba (رئيس مجلس الشيوخ، رئيس الجمهورية بالنيابة) | President of the Senate, Interim President of the Republic
15 Apr 2009 - 5 Aug 2009 Bā Māmādū al-mulaqqab Ambārī (با ممدوالملقب آمباري)
Raʾīs al-Jumhūriyya (رئيس الجمهورية) | President of the Republic
5 Aug 2009 - 1 Aug 2019 Muḥammad walad ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz (محمد ولد عبد العزيز) (x)
1 Aug 2019 - Muḥammad walad al-Shaykh al-Ghazwānī (محمد ولد الشيخ الغزواني)

[1] President of the Council of Government (Président du Conseil du Gouvernement) was authorised to exercise the functions of Prime Minister by the Constitution promulgated 22 Mar 1959 and the style Premier Ministre was used occasionally in legislative acts. The vote of investiture of Prime Minister in the National Assembly took place 23 Jun 1959.
Last updated on: 19 Jan 2022 20:51:17