HomeNationsFranceAssembly 1791 92HÉRAULT de SÉCHELLES, Marie-Jean

Marie-Jean Hérault de Séchelles

b. 20 Oct 1759, Paris
d. 5 Apr 1794, Paris

Title: Président de l'Assemblée nationale (President of the National Assembly)
Term: 2 Sep 1792 - 16 Sep 1792
Chronology: 2 Sep 1792, election as president proclaimed by the National Assembly, morning session of the Assembly, Salle du Manège, Paris [1, vol. XLIX, p. 199]; assumed the chair at the evening session [1, vol. XLIX, p. 215]
16 Sep 1792, expiration of term; successor elected and proclaimed [1, vol. L, p. 39]
Names/titles: Président de la Convention nationale (President of the National Convention) (1 Nov 1792 - 15 Nov 1792, 8 Aug 1793 - 22 Aug 1793) [see details]
Son of a military officer and grandson of lieutenant-general of the Paris police; studied law and was admitted to the bar at the Châtelet, the seat of common-law jurisdiction (1777); was introduced to Queen Marie-Antoinette, spouse of King Louis XVI, whose protection helped him to be named (1785) attorney general of the Parlement of Paris; elected (16 Sep 1791) as a representative of Paris to the Assemblée nationale (National Assembly) (1791-1792); joined the faction of radical left deputies; served as Vice President (20 Aug 1792 - 2 Sep 1792) and President (2 Sep 1792 - 16 Sep 1792) of the National Assembly; was appointed a member of the Commission extraordinaire des Douze (Extraordinary Commission of Twelve) (13 Aug 1792 - 21 Sep 1792); elected to the Convention nationale (National Convention) (1792-1794) by two départements, opted for Seine-et-Oise; sat with the Montagnards; served two terms as President of the National Convention (4 Oct 1792 - 18 Oct 1792, 8 Aug 1793 - 22 Aug 1793); was elected a member of the Comité de sûreté générale (Committee of General Security) (17 Oct 1792 - 9 Jan 1793); sent on missions to Alsace and Haute-Savoie (1792-1793); was absent during the trial of Louis XVI, but supported the condemnation of the king; elected a member of the Comité de salut public (Committee of Public Safety) (30 May 1793 - 29 Dec 1793); presided over the Feast of Unity and Indivisibility and solemn acceptance of the Constitution in Paris (10 Aug 1793); served as representative of the Convention to the département of Haut-Rhin (26 Oct 1793 - 11 Dec 1793); was one of the authors of the Constitution of 1793; accused of plotting with royalists, submitted resignation as a member of the Committee of Public Safety (29 Dec 1793) to the National Convention; arrested (15 Mar 1794) and sentenced to death (5 Apr 1794) along with Georges Danton, Jean-François Delacroix, Camille Desmoulins and others. Biography source: [2]


Candidate Votes (2 Sep 1792)
Marie-Jean Hérault de Séchelles 242
voters 257
Election source: [1, vol. XLIX, p. 199]

[1] Archives parlementaires. Série 1, , Vol. XLIX.
[2] Dictionnaire de biographie française (Paris: Letouzey et Ané, 1933-). Volume 17.
Image: engraving by J.-B. Compagnie, after a portrait by François Bonneville.