Elizabeth II (Canada)

Elizabeth II

b. 21 Apr 1926, London

Title: By the Grace of God of Great Britain, Ireland and the British Dominions beyond the Seas Queen, Defender of the Faith = Par la grâce de Dieu, Reine de Grande-Bretagne, d'Irande et des possessions britanniques au delà des mers, Défenseur de la Foi
Term: 6 Feb 1952 - 29 May 1953
Chronology: 6 Feb 1952, succeeded her father, George VI
Title: By the Grace of God of the United Kingdom, Canada and Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith = Par la grâce de Dieu, Reine du Royaume-Uni, du Canada et de ses autres royaumes et territoires, Chef du Commonwealth, Défenseur de la Foi [1]
Term: 29 May 1953 -
  29 May 1953, royal style is changed in accordance with a Royal Proclamation under the Great Seal of Canada dated 28 May 1953 (effective upon publication 29 May 1953) [2]
  2 Jun 1953, crowned, Westminster Abbey
Names/titles: Private name: Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor [to 20 Nov 1947]; Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Mountbatten [20 Nov 1947 - 9 Apr 1952]; Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor [from 9 Apr 1952]

Elizabeth is the elder daughter of Albert Duke of York, who succeeded to the British throne as George VI in 1936. On 20 Nov 1947 she married Philip Mountbatten (formerly Philippos Prince of Greece and Denmark; created Duke of Edinburgh, Earl of Merioneth, Baron Greenwich and granted the qualification of Royal Highness, 19 Nov 1947). In January 1952, Princess Elizabeth and her husband set out for a tour of Australia and New Zealand, but en route, at Sagana, Kenya, news reached them of the king's death. Her accession was proclaimed by the Privy Council on 6 Feb 1952. The new queen returned to London arriving on 7 Feb 1952. Following the Commonwealth Conference in December 1952, it was announced that each of the Commonwealth governments would ask their parliaments for changes in the royal title, as inherited by Elizabeth from her father, and that apart from naming Elizabeth II as Head of the Commonwealth all the titles would be different, both from the former uniform title and from each other.

[1] Variations under this Style in French: Elizabeth Deux, par la grâce de Dieu, Reine du Royaume-Uni... (in some official documents Elisabeth Deux and Chef du Commonwealth et Défendeur de la Foi)
[2] Canada Gazette, Extra, No. 6, 29 May 1953, pp. 1-2.
[3] Handbook of British Chronology (1986)
  Image: photograph by Karsh - Camera Press/Globe Photos, 1985.
Last updated on: 31 Dec 2019 00:00:00