Afghanistan: Heads of State: 1880-1973

Amīr (امیر), Pādshāh (پادشاه), Pādshāh-i Afghānistān (پادشاه افغانستان) [1]
20 Jul 1880 - 3 Oct 1901 ʻAbd al-Raḥmān Khān (عبد الرحمن خان) [2]
  honorific title: Z̤īyāʼ al-Milla wal-Dīn (ضیاء الملة والدین) [1896]
   
3 Oct 1901 - 20 Feb 1919 Ḥabīb Allāh Khān (حبیب الله خان)
  honorific title: Sirāj al-Milla wal-Dīn (سراج الملة والدین)
   
20 Feb 1919 - 27 Feb 1919 Naṣr Allāh Khān (نصر الله خان) [3]
   
21 Feb 1919 - 14 Jan 1929 Amān Allāh Khān Ghāzī (امان الله خان غازی) [4]
  honorific titles: Sayf al-Milla wal-Dīn (سیف الملة والدین)
   
14 Jan 1929 - 17 Jan 1929 ʻInāyat Allāh Khān (عنایت الله خان) [5]
   
14 Dec 1928 - 13 Oct 1929 Ḥabīb Allāh Ghāzī (حبیب الله غازی) [6][7]
  honorific titles: Khādim-i Dīn-i Rasūl Allāh (خادم دین رسول الله)
 
15 Oct 1929 - 8 Nov 1933 Muḥammad Nādir Shāh (محمد نادر شاه)
  honorific title (posthumous): Shāh-i Shahīd (شاه شهید)
   
8 Nov 1933 - 17 Jul 1973 Muḥammad Ẓāhir Shāh (محمد ظاهر شاه)
  honorific titles: Pay-raw-i Dīn-i Matīn-i Islām (پیرو دین متین اسلام); Banda-i Khudā (بنده خدا); al-Mutawakkil ʻalāʼ-Allāh (المتوکل علاء الله)

[1] tbd; Amīr was dropped from international use since June 1926 but the coins bore this title as part of the tughra to the accession of Nādir Shāh (1929); the styles Da Afghānistān Pādshāh (د افغانستان پادشاه) in Pashto and Pādshāh-i Afghānistān (پادشاه افغانستان) in Persian are found in the Constitutions of 1923 and 1931. The styles used in the Constitution of 1964 were Bāchā (باچا) in Pashto and Pādshāh (پادشاه) in Persian. The official styles used for the promulgation of laws (published in Afghanistan Official Gazette in 1964-1973) were Da Afghānistān Bāchā (د افغانستان باچا ) in Pashto and Pādshāh-i Afghānistān (پادشاه افغانستان) in Persian.
[2] Proclaimed at a public assembly in Charikar, near Kabul, on 20 Jul 1880; recognized as "amir of Kabul" by the government of the United Kingdom at a public meeting in the Sherpur Cantonment, then near Kabul on 22 Jul 1880; control of Kabul is handed over from the British military administration to ʻAbd al-Raḥmān Khān at an informal ceremony near the Sherpur Cantonment on 11 Aug 1880.
[3] Recognized as ruler at a meeting of notables in Jalalabad on 20 Feb 1919 and publicly proclaimed on 21 Feb 1919; abdicated on 27 Feb 1919.
[4] Recognized as ruler at a meeting of notables in Kabul on 21 Feb 1919.
[5] Succeeded to the throne following the abdication of Amān Allāh Khān and was publicly proclaimed in Kabul on 14 Jan 1929. On the same day he was besieged in the citadel (Arg) of Kabul by the forces of Ḥabīb Allāh, staying there until his abdication on 17 Jan 1929.
[6] Recognized as ruler at a meeting outside Kabul on 14 Dec 1928 and publicly proclaimed in Kabul on 16 Jan 1929.
[7] Amīr (امیر), Pādshāh (پادشاه‎) (in dissidence)
  c. 23 Jan 1929 - 28 Feb 1929 ʻAlī Aḥmad Khān (علی احمد خان)
  Pādshāh-i Afghānistān (پادشاه افغانستان) (in dissidence)
  Jan 1929 - 23 May 1929 Amān Allāh Khān (امان الله خان) (x)
  Amīr (امیر), Pādshāh (پادشاه‎) (in dissidence)
  23 May 1929 - 1 Jun 1929 ʻAlī Aḥmad Khān (علی احمد خان) (x)
Last updated on: 04 Oct 2021 19:11:49