South Carolina: Polity Style: 1721-2022

31 May/11 Jun 1721 first royal Governor is installed in office [South Carolina Council Journal]
14/25 May 1729 the return of the Province of Carolina under the sovereignty of the crown of Great Britain is provided by "An Act for establishing an Agreement with Seven of the Lords Proprietors of Carolina, for the Surrender of their Title and Interest in that Province to His Majesty" (passed by the House of Commons 6/17 May 1729, passed by the House of Lords on 10/21 May 1729, assented 14/25 May 1729) [British Commons Journal, 21:361; British Lords Journal, 23:427, 437; Laws of the Province of South-Carolina, 482-500]
25 Jul/5 Aug 1729 surrender of the Charter of Carolina is accomplished upon issuing a warrant for the payment of £17,500 by the Treasury Board to seven of the eight Lords Proprietors in pursuance of an act of 14/25 May 1729 [1][2]
15/26 Dec 1730 Province of the South Carolina is organised upon the installation of the first provincial Governor in Charleston in accordance with Royal Commission of 10 Jun 1730 and the Instructions of 17 Sep 1730 [South Carolina Council Journal, No. 5, p. 9] [3]
15/26 Dec 1730 - 26 Mar 1776 Province of South Carolina
26 Mar 1776 organised as self-governing colony after the Constitution or Form of Government is approved by the Provincial Congress [South Carolina Congress 1776, 135-152] [4]
26 Mar 1776 - 4 Jul 1776 Colony of South Carolina [5]
2 Jul 1776 a resolution in favour of independence of the British colonies in North America is passed, session of the Continental Congress, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (Journals of the Continental Congress, 5:506-507)
4 Jul 1776 the British colonies represented in the Continental Congress are proclaimed "free and independent states" in accordance with a declaration approved by the Congress on 4 Jul 1776, session of the Continental Congress, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (Journals of the Continental Congress, 5:510-515)
4 Jul 1776 - State of South Carolina [5]
5 Feb 1778 Concurrent Resolution of the General Assembly and Legislative Council authorising the delegates of South Carolina in the Continental Congress "to agree to and ratify Articles of Confederation between the United States of America" (passed 4 Feb 1778 by the General Assembly, concurred in by the Legislative Council 5 Feb 1778) [Journals of the Continental Congress, 11:670]
1 Mar 1781 formed part of the United States as a confederation, retaining sovereignty and independence, upon the taking effect of the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union (Journals of the Continental Congress, 19:213-223]
4 Mar 1789 formed part of the United States as a federal republic when the central government was organised starting with the meeting of the U.S. Congress in New York (Annals of Congress, House of Representatives, 1st Congress, 1st Session, 100; Annals of Congress, Senate, 1st Congress, 1st Session, 16]
20 Dec 1860 secedes from the United States in accordance with an ordinance passed by the Convention of the People of the State of South Carolina 20 Dec 1865 [South Carolina Convention 1860, 42-45, 751-753] [6]
8 Feb 1861 forms a part of the Confederate States of America when the Constitution for the Provisional Government of the Confederate States of America is approved by the Congress and becomes immediately operative [Journal of the Confederate Congress, 1:39; Statutes at Large of the Provisional Government of the Confederate States of America, 1-8]
19 Sep 1865 An Ordinance To Repeal the Ordinance of Secession is passed by the Convention of the People of the State of South Carolina (passed 15 Sep 1865, engrossed copy ratified 19 Sep 1865) [South Carolina Convention 1865, 27-29, 65, 181]
15 Jul 1868 process of the re-admission to the United States is completed when Sec. 1 of An Act to Admit the States of North Carolina, South Carolina, Louisiana, Georgia, Alabama, and Florida, to Representation in Congress takes effect for South Carolina upon ratification of the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States (the amendment is ratified by the Senate of South Carolina 7 Jul 1868 and by the House of Representatives of South Carolina 9 Jul 1868, signed into law by the Governor 15 Jul 1868) [Statutes at Large, 16:73, 16:704; South Carolina Senate Journal, 1868, 10-12; South Carolina House Journal, 1868, 50]

[1] A Royal Warrant by the Queen, as Guardian of the Kingdom, for the payment of £17,500 "to Edward Bertie, of Gray's Inn, Samuel Horsey, of St. Martin's in the Fields, Henry Smith, of Caversham, Oxford, and Alexius Clayton" directed to the Lords of the Treasury is recorded in King's Warrant Book, 29:379–380, under #489 on 24 Jul/4 Aug 1729; the warrant from the Lords Commissioners of the Treasury is dated 25 Jul/5 Aug 1729. See "Calendar of Treasury Books and Papers, 1729-1730. Preserved in Her Majesty's Public Record Office", ed. by Wm. A. Shaw (London: Eyre and Spottiswoode, 1897), p. 267 (web site); the actual payment appears to have taken place 30 Jul/10 Aug 1729 as evident from a notice in The Daily Journal, Monday, August 4, 1729, Numb. 2675, p. 1, col. 3: "The Lords Proprietors of South Carolina having signed at the Treasury a Deed of Conveyance and Surrender of their Rights and Title of that Province, to the Crown, the Sum of 20,000 l. was on Wednesday last issued out of the Exchequer, being the Purchase Money agreed for..."
[2] Lord Carteret refused to sell his interests and continued to hold a one-eighth undivided share in the territory of North Carolina and South Carolina until 1744, when he gave up all claims to the remaining parts of the province in return for a large strip of land in North Carolina bordering on Virginia [North Carolina Colonial Records, 4:655-663]
[3] The establishment of two governments in Carolina and de facto partition of the province took place when the Lords Proprietors began to appoint separate governors (or deputy governors) for "the part of our province of Carolina that lyes South and West of Cape Fear" and for "the part of our Province of Carolina that lyes North and East of Cape Fear"; de iure Carolina remained undivided political entity until the surrender of the charter in 1729.
[4] The Constitution did not make an explicit provision for sovereignty and/or independence of the colony, but entrusted the government to the Congress and elected officials "until an accommodation of the unhappy differences between Great Britain and America can be obtained."
[5] The formal change in the polity style was never implemented. The proceedings of the Provincial Congress and Council of Safety (1775-1776) normally referred to South Carolina as "colony". This definition was also used in many articles of the Constitution or Form of Government, referring, for instance, to "President and Commander-in-Chief, and Vice-President of the colony". Soon after 4 Jul 1776, the "State of South Carolina" became a common style used by the government. The Constitution of 19 Mar 1778 ("An Act for establishing the constitution of the State of South Carolina") in Art. I formally confirmed "That the style of this country be hereafter the State of South Carolina."
[6] Full title: An Ordinance to dissolve the Union between the State of South Carolina and other States united with her under the compact entitled "The Constitution of the United States of America".
Last updated on: 09 Apr 2016 21:00:00