North Carolina: Polity Style: 1731-2022

14/25 May 1729 the return of the Province of Carolina under the sovereignty of the crown of Great Britain is provided by "An Act for establishing an Agreement with Seven of the Lords Proprietors of Carolina, for the Surrender of their Title and Interest in that Province to His Majesty" (passed by the House of Commons 6/17 May 1729, passed by the House of Lords on 10/21 May 1729, assented 14/25 May 1729) [British Commons Journal, 21:361; British Lords Journal, 23:427, 437; Laws of the Province of South-Carolina, 482-500]
25 Jul/5 Aug 1729 surrender of the Charter of Carolina is accomplished upon issuing a warrant for the payment of £17,500 by the Treasury Board to seven of the eight Lords Proprietors in pursuance of an act of 14/25 May 1729 [1][2]
25 Feb/8 Mar 1731 Province of the North Carolina is organised upon the installation of the first provincial Governor in Edenton in accordance with Royal Commission of 15 Jan/10 Feb 1730 and the Instructions of 14/25 Dec 1730 [North Carolina Colonial Records, 3:66-73, 3:90-118, 3:211-212] [3]
25 Feb/8 Mar 1731 - 4 Jul 1776 Province of North Carolina
2 Jul 1776 a resolution in favour of independence of the British colonies in North America is passed, session of the Continental Congress, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (Journals of the Continental Congress, 5:506-507)
4 Jul 1776 the British colonies represented in the Continental Congress are proclaimed "free and independent states" in accordance with a declaration approved by the Congress on 4 Jul 1776, session of the Continental Congress, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (Journals of the Continental Congress, 5:510-515)
4 Jul 1776 - State of North Carolina [4]
24 Apr 1778 Concurrent Resolution of the General Assembly of North Carolina "impowering the Delegates of this State in Congress to ratify and confirm on behalf of this said State, the articles of confederation of the United States" (passed by the House of Commons 24 Apr 1778, concurred in by the Senate 24 Apr 1778) [North Carolina State Records, 12:708-709, 12:599; Journals of the Continental Congress, 11:669]
1 Mar 1781 formed part of the United States as a confederation, retaining sovereignty and independence, upon the taking effect of the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union (Journals of the Continental Congress, 19:213-223]
4 Mar 1789 North Carolina formed part of the United States as a federal republic when the central government was organised starting with the meeting of the U.S. Congress in New York (Annals of Congress, House of Representatives, 1st Congress, 1st Session, 100; Annals of Congress, Senate, 1st Congress, 1st Session, 16]
20 May 1861 North Carolina seceded from the United States in accordance with an ordinance passed by the Convention of the People of the State of North Carolina on 20 May 1861 (North Carolina Ordinances 1861, p. 3; North Carolina Convention 1861-1862, pp. 13-16)
27 May 1861 North Carolina is admitted to the Confederate States of America in accordance with an act passed by the Provisional Congress of the Confederate States on 16 May 1861 and signed into law on 17 May 1861 (effective on the date when the proclamation concerning the ratification of the Provisional Constitution of the Confederate States by North Carolina was issued by the President of the Confederate States on 27 May 1861) (Statutes at Large of the Provisional Government of the Confederate States of America, pp. 118-119; Weekly Standard, Raleigh, N.C., No. 23, 5 Jun 1861, p. 3)
7 Oct 1865 the ordinance of secession of 1861 is declared null and void in accordance with an ordinance passed by the Convention on 7 Oct 1865 (North Carolina Convention 1865, p. 27; North Carolina Ordinances 1865, p. 39)
4 Jul 1868 process of the re-admission of North Carolina to the United States is completed when the provisions of An Act to Admit the States of North Carolina, South Carolina, Louisiana, Georgia, Alabama, and Florida, to Representation in Congress took effect for North Carolina upon the passage of a resolution approving Amendment XIV to the Constitution of the Unites States by the General Assembly of the State of North Carolina on 2 Jul 1868 (ratified on 4 Jul 1868) (Statutes at Large, 16:73, 16:703-704)

[1] A Royal Warrant by the Queen, as Guardian of the Kingdom, for the payment of £17,500 "to Edward Bertie, of Gray's Inn, Samuel Horsey, of St. Martin's in the Fields, Henry Smith, of Caversham, Oxford, and Alexius Clayton" directed to the Lords of the Treasury is recorded in King's Warrant Book, 29:379–380, under #489 on 24 Jul/4 Aug 1729; the warrant from the Lords Commissioners of the Treasury is dated 25 Jul/5 Aug 1729. See "Calendar of Treasury Books and Papers, 1729-1730. Preserved in Her Majesty's Public Record Office", ed. by Wm. A. Shaw (London: Eyre and Spottiswoode, 1897), p. 267 (web site); the actual payment appears to have taken place 30 Jul/10 Aug 1729 as evident from a notice in The Daily Journal, Monday, August 4, 1729, Numb. 2675, p. 1, col. 3: "The Lords Proprietors of South Carolina having signed at the Treasury a Deed of Conveyance and Surrender of their Rights and Title of that Province, to the Crown, the Sum of 20,000 l. was on Wednesday last issued out of the Exchequer, being the Purchase Money agreed for..."
[2] Lord Carteret refused to sell his interests and continued to hold a one-eighth undivided share in the territory of North Carolina and South Carolina until 1744, when he gave up all claims to the remaining parts of the province in return for a large strip of land in North Carolina bordering on Virginia [North Carolina Colonial Records, 4:655-663]
[3] The establishment of two governments in Carolina and de facto partition of the province took place when the Lords Proprietors began to appoint separate governors (or deputy governors) for "the part of our province of Carolina that lyes South and West of Cape Fear" and for "the part of our Province of Carolina that lyes North and East of Cape Fear"; de iure Carolina remained undivided political entity until the surrender of the charter in 1729.
[4] The formal change in the polity style was never implemented. The resolves approved by the Council of Safety (in session: 5 Jun 1776 - 25 Oct 1776) normally referred to "province" and, sometimes, "colony" before 4 Jul 1776, and to "(Independent) State of North Carolina" after 4 Jul 1776. The Constitution or Form of Government, approved by the Congress 18 Dec 1776, did not explicitly change the name to State of North Carolina, but included these words in the description of the Great Seal (Section XVII) and required that all commissions and grants should be run in the name of the State of North Carolina (Section XXXVI).
[5] Full title: An Ordinance to dissolve the union between the State of North Carolina and the other States united with her, under the compact of government entitled The Constitution of the United States.
Last updated on: 03 Aug 2020 21:00:00