Johann, Archduke of Austria

Johann Baptist Joseph Fabian Sebastian

b. 20 Jan 1782, Florence, Grand Duchy of Tuscany
d. 10/11 May 1859, Graz, Styria, Austrian Empire

Title: Reichsverweser (Imperial Vicar)
Term: 12 Jul 1848 - 20 Dec 1849
Chronology: 29 Jun 1848, elected, twenty-seventh session of the Nationalversammlung (National Assembly), Paulskirche, Frankfurt-am-Main [1, I, 628-638]
  5 Jul 1848, accepted the election, meeting with the delegation of the National Assembly, Reichskanzlei, Kaiserburg, Vienna [2]; National Assembly was notified during the thirty-fifth session, 10 Jul 1848 [1, I, 810-811]
  12 Jul 1848, personal statement of assumption of the office, thirty-sixth session of the National Assembly, Paulskirche, Frankfurt-am-Main [1, I, 844]
  12 Jul 1848, acknowledged as Reichsverweser and powers formally transferred to him by the expiring Bundesversammlung (Federal Assembly)
  20 Dec 1849, resignation submitted to the representatives of the Bundescommission, Palais des Erzherzog-Reichsverwesers, Frankfurt-am-Main [3]
Names/titles: Erzherzog von Österreich (Archduke of Austria)

Ninth son of Peter Leopold, Grand Duke of Tuscany, and Maria Ludovica, daughter of Carlos III of Spain; brother of Franz I., Emperor of Austria; privately tutored; moved to Vienna with his family (1790), few months later his father was elected emperor of the Holy Roman Empire and acceded as Leopold II.; after the death of mother and father (1792), lived in the court of Franz I.; developed particular interest in nature, technology and agriculture; attached to a dragoon's regiment (1795); participated in the Napoleonic Wars (from 1800); commander-in-chief of the Austrian troops in South Germany; lost the battle of Hohenlinden (3 Dec 1800); organized the Landwehr reserve army for the popular uprising against Napoléon Ier in Tyrol and in Inner-Austria (1808); supported Tyrol's resistance movement; retired from politics (1815) and devoted himself to science; as landowner, was involved in agricultural pursuits; owner of iron and coal mines and a sheet-metal factory; a founder of the Vordernberger Radmeister-Communität (1835), the first railway using iron rails on the European continent; purchased the domain of Stainz (1841), where he was also elected mayor (1851); appointed Stellvertreter des Kaisers (Deputy to the Emperor) Ferdinand I. (16 Jun 1848) and took office 25 Jun 1848; elected (29 Jun 1848) Imperial Vicar for Germany by the Nationalversammlung (National Assembly) in Frankfurt-am-Main; accepted the election (5 Jul 1848) and departed for Frankfurt (8 Jul 1848) to take office; formally assumed the office on 12 Jul 1848; following the election (28 Mar 1849) of the Prussian King Friedrich Wilhelm IV. as Kaiser der Deutschen (Emperor of the German), offered his resignation (28 Mar 1849), but was dissuaded by Heinrich Freiherr von Gagern and others to retain the office; resigned from his duties as Imperial Vicar (20 Dec 1849). Biography source: [4] [5]


Candidate Votes (29 Jun 1848)
Johann Erzherzog von Österreich 436
Heinrich Wilhelm August Freiherr von Gagern 52
Johann Adam von Itzstein 32
Stephan Franz Viktor Erzherzog von Österreich 1
abstentions 27
total votes cast/absolute majority 548/275

[1] Stenographischer Bericht über die Verhandlungen der deutschen constituirenden Nationalversammlung zu Frankfurt am Main, ed. by Franz Wigard (Frankfurt-am-Main: Johann David Sauerländer, 1848-1849)
[2] Wiener Zeitung, Nr. 185, Donnerstag, den 6. Juli 1848.
[3] Wiener Zeitung, Nr. 310, Samstag, den 29. December 1849.
[4] "Allgemeine deutsche Biographie", Hrsg. durch die Historische Commission bei der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. (2., unveränderte Aufl.) Neudruck der 1. Aufl. von 1875-1912 (Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, 1967-1971). Bd. 14, S. 281-305.
[5] "Neue deutsche Biographie", Hrsg. von der Historischen Kommission bei der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften; Schriftleiter: Otto zu Stolberg-Wernigerode (Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, 1953-) Bd. 10, S. 505-508.
  Image: lithograph by Schertle after a daguerreotype by Hermann Biow, 1848.
Last updated on: 21 Mar 2017 21:00:00